Canine bloating, also referred to as gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) or gastric torsion, is a very serious condition in dogs that can unfortunately result in death. There are many contributing lifestyle and health factors that can cause canine bloating, which is why all dog owners should be aware.
Canine Bloating Explained
Occurring most commonly in domestic dogs, canine bloating is usually caused by excess gas in the stomach which can’t escape – volvulus of the stomach –and therefore leads to a bloated, overstretched or twisted stomach. When volvulus of the stomach occurs it can rotate up to 360 degrees making it impossible for a dog to vomit or dispel the gas.
Deep-chested dog breeds, such as Great Danes, St. Bernards and Irish Setters, are at greatest risk of developing canine bloating; however, other factors such as diet, age, stress, overfeeding or drinking excessively in a short period of time can promote volvulus of the stomach. It is important to make sure that your dog’s diet is not high in fat, as it is believed that foods with high levels of fat and oil can increase the risk of bloating due to delayed emptying of the stomach.
Canine bloating is considered an emergency condition that will need to be treated immediately. Unfortunately symptoms for canine bloating may not be immediately apparent; however dog owners should be wary of dogs that appear to be depressed, have difficulty breathing, are retching without vomiting, show signs of weakness and loss of appetite.
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